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Alarming Rise in Diabetes Cases: Over 100 Million Affected in India, Study Reveals

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Alarming Rise in Diabetes Cases: Over 100 Million Affected in India, Study Reveals

India is facing a staggering diabetes challenge, as revealed by a study published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology journal. The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) conducted the study, which indicates a significant increase of over 50% in the prevalence of diabetes in the past decade.

The key findings of the study are as follows:

  1. Alarming Prevalence: The study estimates that 101 million individuals in India, accounting for 11.4% of the population, are currently living with diabetes. This figure surpasses the previous estimate of 77 million individuals. Moreover, an additional 136 million people, constituting 15.3% of the population, are identified as pre-diabetic, indicating high blood sugar levels without meeting the criteria for diabetes.
  2. Contributing Factors: The surge in diabetes cases in India can be attributed to multiple factors, including:
  • Dietary Changes: The increasing adoption of Westernized diets featuring processed foods and sugary beverages has led to weight gain, a significant risk factor for diabetes.
  • Sedentary Lifestyles: Reduced physical activity levels among Indians have contributed to the diabetes epidemic.
  • Aging Population: India’s demographic shift towards an aging population has contributed to the higher prevalence of diabetes.
  1. Public Health Imperative: The study underscores the urgent need for India to address the diabetes crisis as it poses a significant public health concern. Diabetes is associated with severe health complications such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, and kidney failure. To combat this issue effectively, the following measures are recommended:
  • Enhanced Healthcare Access: Affordable and comprehensive healthcare services, including medication, insulin, and treatment, should be made readily accessible to individuals with diabetes.
  • Lifestyle Promotion: The government should promote healthy lifestyles by encouraging a balanced diet, regular exercise, and weight management.
  • Systematic Screening: High-risk individuals should undergo systematic diabetes screening to ensure early detection and timely intervention.
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The study’s findings should serve as a wake-up call for India. Immediate action is necessary to prevent a looming public health crisis. By prioritizing healthcare access, advocating healthy lifestyles, and implementing comprehensive screening programs, India can mitigate the impact of the diabetes epidemic and safeguard the well-being of its population.

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